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建网站工作经验共享-单盘齿廓检测仪的设计毕业

日期:2021-04-15
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齿廓误差精确测量,又名齿形精确测量,一般是在渐开线查验仪勤奋行精确测量的。渐开线查验仪可分为全能渐开线查验仪和单盘式渐开线查验仪。单盘式渐开线查验仪是用比较法开展齿廓误差精确测量的,将要被测齿廓与基础理论渐开线开展比较,从而得出齿廓误差。

伴随着工业生产化、信息内容化的不断发展,精确测量技术性也飞速发展。之前的单盘式渐开线查验仪曝露了一些缺陷,例如精确测量齿轮时纪录设备是一个百分表,齿轮每转过一定角度载入一个读数,不可以持续精确测量纪录。沒有智能化化和当代化的检验方式,就不可以得到高精度的齿轮。

本文根据对中国外商品的调研,查阅有关材料手册等,进行了单盘齿廓精确测量仪的设计方案。关键包含早期的设计方案提前准备工作中:根据查阅参考文献、科学研究调研等学习培训掌握齿廓精确测量基本原理;以后针对单盘齿廓精确测量仪设计方案总体计划方案的创成和优化。用电感传感器替代精确测量设备,用步进电机电动机替代手轮传动。明确用单片机系统软件操纵步进电机电动机旋转,拓展显示信息器显示信息齿形偏差标值并将結果复印出来。最终,依据之前的设计方案成效,对机械构造开展设计方案和零件的设计方案校核,还要开展二维图纸(包含总装图和零件图)的创建等。

重要词: 渐开线,齿廓,单盘,误差

Abstract

The tooth profile deviation measurement, also known as tooth profile measurement, is usually measured on an involute tester. Involute testers can be divided into universal involute testers and single disk involute testers. The single disk involute tester parative method to measure the tooth profile deviation, that is, to compare the measured tooth profile with the theoretical involute curve to obtain the tooth profile deviation.

With the continuous progress of rmatization, measurem-

ent technology is changing with each passing day. The previous single disk involute tester revealed some disadvantages. For example, when the gear is measured, the recording device is a dial indicator. Every time the gear reads a reading through a certain angle, it cannot record continuously. Without intelligent and modern detection methods, high-precision gears cannot be obtained.

This article through the investigation of domestic and foreign products, access rmation manuals, etc., to complete the design of a single disk profile measurement instrument.It mainly includes the preliminary design preparation work: learning the principles of tooth profile measurement by consulting literature, scientific research, etc.; and then designing and optimizing the overall plan for the single disk profile measuring instrument. Replace the measuring device with an inductive sensor and replace the hand wheel drive with a stepper motor. It is determined that the stepper motor rotation is controlled by the single-puter system, the extended display shows the tooth profile error value, and the result is printed out. Finally, based on the previous design results, the design of the mechanical structure and the design of the parts were checked, and the two-dimensional drawings (including the assembly drawing and the parts drawing) were also established.

Keyword: involute,tooth profile,single disk,deviation

摘要 ii

Abstract iii

第1章 引言 1

1.1 课题科学研究內容和实际意义 1

1.2 典型的齿廓精确测量仪 1

1.3 齿形精确测量中国外发展趋势动态性和未来科学研究方向 2

1.3.1发展趋势动态性 2

1.3.2未来科学研究方向 3

第2章 整体设计方案基本原理和计划方案 5

2.1设计方案要求 5

2.2设计方案基本原理 5

2.2.1渐开线的界定及特性 5

2.2.2渐开线基础理论在齿形查验仪上的运用 7

2.3整体设计方案计划方案 7

2.3.1旧式单盘齿廓查验仪简介 7

2.3.2关键设计方案 9

2.3.3精确测量步骤 9

第3章 系统软件硬件配置电源电路设计方案 11

3.1单片机系统软件一部分 11

3.1.1单片机系统软件简述 11

3.1.2 AT89C51作用详细介绍 11

3.2单片机拓展 13

3.2.1数字时钟震荡器 13

3.2.2复位电源电路 14

3.2.3 8155拓展器 14

3.2.4 74LS138 15

3.2.4 74LS373 16

3.2.5 2732程序储存器 16

3.2.6 6116数据信息储存器 17

3.2.7 电脑键盘显示信息器拓展 17

3.2.8 低通滤波和取样维持电源电路 17

3.2.9 A/D变换器 17

第4章 机械一部分的设计方案 21

4.1导向组织 21

4.2传动组织 21

4.3 驱动器设计方案 22

第5章 机械一部分的校核测算 23

5.1滚珠丝杠的设计方案测算 23

5.1.1 X方向滚珠丝杠承载零件品质 23

5.1.2 滚珠丝杠的预挑选和支撑点方法 23

5.1.3 滚珠丝杠的校核 25

5.2轴承的设计方案测算 27

第6章 电动机与联轴器的挑选 29

6.1步进电机电动机的选型测算 29

6.2联轴器的挑选 31

第7章 经济发展与环保性剖析 33

第8章 收获与未来展望 35

8.1收获 35

8.2未来展望 35

参照参考文献 37

完毕语 39

附录 41










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